Sinus Infection

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Every year a lot of people all over the world suffer from such disease as sinus infection and many of them don’t even realize that it is not just a cold and it can lead to harmful circumstances. If you want to know everything about this disease, this article is just for you.

What Is Sinusitis?

Sinus infection is a disease that is characterized as inflammation of paranasal tissues that line the sinuses. As a rule, they are filled with air, but when they are blocked with fluid, different bacteria can cause aggravation of the disease.

It is a serious disease that can cause different side effects as pressure in the area of nose and eyes, headache. A person who suffers from this disease may also have fever, sore throat, cough, nasal congestion and even bad breath.

Types of Sinusitis

There are two main types of this infection:

  • Acute sinusitis

This kind of sinusitis can be described as a result of cold or allergies. It typically lasts for about 2-3 weeks and can be accompanied by the following symptoms: nasal or throat secretions, runny nose, headache, fever, malaise.

  • Chronic sinusitis

Chronic sinusitis develops as a result of untreated acute sinusitis. If you don’t treat chronic sinusitis, it can cause serious complications such as inflammation of the optic nerve and eye membranes, the development of osteomyelitis, meningitis, brain abscess. It typically lasts for 8 weeks or even longer.

 

Causes of This Infection

Sinus infection

  • Acute sinus infection is usually caused by such bacteria as Streptococcus pneumoniae, Moraxella catarrhalis and Haemophilus influenza. All these microorganisms along with other bacteria are involved in chronic sinusitis.
  • Fungi are also causes of this infection in people who suffer from such diseases as diabetes, leukemia, AIDS, etc.

What Are the Symptoms of this Infection?

Common symptoms of sinusitis are the following:

  • Discomfort in the area of nose or in the bridge of the nose;
  • Headache;
  • Difficulty of breathing;
  • Runny nose, nasal secretions (mucus, suppurative);
  • Increased body temperature to 38°C and higher;
  • General weakness, malaise, fatigue, insomnia, loss of appetite.

How Can You Treat Sinus Infection?

First of all, you should know that the process of treatment depends on the severity of the disease.

  • Acute sinusitis

If you suffer from this kind of infection, a doctor may prescribe decongestants and steam inhalations. You may use nasal drops and sprays. Sometimes antibiotics can also be given, but they are usually prescribed for 10-14 days.

  • Chronic sinusitis

Warm and moist air can be very effective in alleviating sinus congestion. Steam inhalations and vaporizers can also help you. Warm compresses may help you to relieve pain. A doctor can prescribe nasal drops, sprays and even antibiotics.

So, if have noticed that you suffer from some of the abovementioned symptoms, first of all, you need to consult your doctor. Don’t practise self-treatment as it can be very harmful for your health. After an appropriate examination, he or she will prescribe you necessary treatment.

Don’t get sick and stay healthy!